Who was Sukrat and why is he important for Urdu literature?
Sukrat, or Socrates, was a famous Greek philosopher who lived in the 5th century BC. He is considered one of the founders of Western philosophy and ethics. He taught many influential thinkers, such as Plato and Aristotle. He is also known for his method of questioning and dialogue, which aimed to expose the truth and challenge assumptions.
Although Sukrat never wrote any books himself, his ideas and teachings were preserved by his followers and admirers. One of them was Muhammad Iqbal, a renowned Urdu poet and writer. Iqbal wrote a book called Sukrat in 1933, which was a fictional dialogue between Sukrat and some of his disciples. The book explored various topics, such as religion, politics, morality, and education.
Sukrat is one of the first books of its kind in Urdu literature. It shows Iqbal's admiration for Sukrat's wisdom and courage. It also reflects Iqbal's own views on Islam and modernity. The book is a valuable source of inspiration and learning for Urdu readers who want to know more about Sukrat and his philosophy.
If you are interested in reading Sukrat, you can download it for free from this link: https://tiurll.com/2t7m9m. You can also learn more about Sukrat and Iqbal from these external references:
Sukrat was famous for his trial and death. He was accused of corrupting the youth and not believing in the gods of Athens. He defended himself in a public court, but he was found guilty and sentenced to death by drinking poison. He accepted his fate with dignity and calmness. He spent his last hours conversing with his friends about the nature of the soul and the afterlife.
Iqbal admired Sukrat's martyrdom and compared him to the prophets of Islam. He also criticized the Athenian democracy for its injustice and hypocrisy. He argued that Sukrat's teachings were compatible with Islam and that he was a precursor of the monotheistic faith. He praised Sukrat's rationality and morality, which he saw as essential for human progress and happiness.
Sukrat is not only a book about a historical figure, but also a book about Iqbal's own vision and mission. Iqbal wanted to revive the spirit of Islam and to reform the Muslim society. He wanted to create a balance between reason and revelation, tradition and modernity, individual and community. He wanted to inspire the Urdu readers to think critically and creatively, to seek knowledge and wisdom, and to strive for excellence and justice.
In conclusion, Sukrat is a remarkable book that introduces the Urdu readers to one of the greatest philosophers of all time. It also reveals the insights and aspirations of one of the greatest poets of Urdu literature. It is a book that challenges and enriches the mind and the soul. It is a book that deserves to be read and appreciated by anyone who loves Urdu and philosophy. 0efd9a6b88